Philip Charles Lithman (17 June 1949 – 1 July 1987), who performed under the stage name Snakefinger, was an English musician, singer and songwriter. A multi-instrumentalist, he was best known for his guitar and violin work and his many collaborations with The Residents.
Lithman was born in Tooting, South London, and came from the British blues scene. He moved to San Francisco in 1971 and became associated with the group of friends who would later become The Residents. He was given the name Snakefinger by The Residents themselves based on a photograph of Lithman performing at The Boarding House, in which a member of the band suggested his finger resembled a snake about to attack his violin.
In 1972 Lithman returned to England and formed the pub rock band Chilli Willi and the Red Hot Peppers. As a duo, they released the album Kings of Robot Rhythm. In 1974, as a full band and popular live act in Britain, they released Bongos Over Balham. Chilli Willi lasted until 1975, their last record not selling well, and by 1976 Lithman was back in the United States, this time in Los Angeles, California, seeking a recording contract.
After a few years, Lithman moved back to San Francisco, reconnected with The Residents, and performed and recorded with them. Lithman's solo records, recorded under the name Snakefinger, were released by their record label Ralph Records.
His first album on Ralph was Chewing Hides the Sound in 1979, featuring original material co-written with The Residents as well as esoteric covers like Kraftwerk's "The Model". The songs showcased Lithman's distinctive slide guitar playing and often surreal imagery. This album was followed by Greener Postures in 1980, which included his first solo compositions as Snakefinger.
While on tour in Australia in 1980, Lithman had a heart attack that left him hospitalised for six months.
In 1982 Lithman formed his backing band The Vestal Virgins with former Captain Beefheart sideman Eric Drew Feldman. Snakefinger and The Vestal Virgins released Manual of Errors on Ralph in 1982. This was followed by the blues cover album Snakefinger's History of the Blues: Live in Europe in 1984 and a new collection of largely original material in 1986 called Night of Desirable Objects.
On 1 July 1987, Snakefinger and The Vestal Virgins arrived in Linz, Austria, on the European Night tour. On the next morning – before his scheduled performance in the Posthof Club, he was found dead in a guestroom of the Posthof: Lithman had suffered a fatal heart attack. On the day of his death, 1 July 1987, his single, "There's No Justice in Life", was released.
Chilli Willi and the Red Hot Peppers Edit
- Kings of the Robot Rhythm (Revelation, 1972)
- Bongos Over Balham (Mooncrest, 1974)
- I'll Be Home (rarities compilation, Proper Records, 1996)
- "The Spot" single (Ralph, 1978)
- Chewing Hides The Sound (Ralph, 1979)
- "The Man In The Dark Sedan" single (Ralph, 1980)
- Greener Postures (Ralph, 1980)
- Manual of Errors (Ralph, 1982)
- Against The Grain (Ralph, 1983)
- Snakefinger's History Of The Blues: Live In Europe (Rough Trade, 1984)
- Snakefinger's Vestal Vergins: Live In Chicago (Ralph, 1986)
- Night of Desirable Objects (Ralph, 1987)
- Philip Charles Lithman aka Snakefinger (UWEB, 1993)
Appearances on Residents albums Edit
- Baby Sex (1971)
- "Satisfaction" single (1977)
- Fingerprince (1977)
- Duck Stab!/Buster & Glen (1978)
- Eskimo (1979)
- Diskomo EP (1980)
- The Commercial Album (1980)
- The Tunes of Two Cities (1982)
- Residue of The Residents compilation (1983)
- Title in Limbo with Renaldo & The Loaf (1983)
- Stars & Hank Forever - The American Composer Series, Volume II (1986)